Stuttgart was an
important industrial site in southern Germany. The city
was several times the main target of the Allied bomber
attacks were carried out on:
5 May 1942
7 May 1942
23 November 1942
12 March 1943
15 April 1943
21 February 1944
2 March 1944
15/16 March 1944
25/26 July 1944
29 July 1944
13 September 1944
20 October 1944
The most severe raid
was made on 15/16 March 1944 with 813 bombers of the
Royal Air Force and a bomb load of 2,600 tons. At this
time 700 people were killed.
In July 1944 three
major bomber sorties were flown wiping out the entire
inner city. 100,000 people were left homeless.
Notice at a
bomb-shelter: Quiet! Sit down immediately! No smoking.
The total of 53 bomb
attacks against the city center of Stuttgart claimed
4,477 human lives. Because the city is situated in a
valley, the fire triggered by this chimney effect could
spread especially quickly. Therefore, many people were
unable to reach the bunkers and tunnels. Nearly 900
people burned or suffocated by carbon dioxide gases.