Nuremberg was the
site of the party conventions so that its destruction
had an important psychological significance for the
In parallel, there
were major industries in the Nuremberg area. Mostly,
however, the target of the attacks was the old imperial
city with the castle and its medieval houses. The raids
took place on:
29 August 1942
26 February 1943
9 March 1943
28 August 1943
30/31 March 1944
3 October 1944
2 January 1945
20 February 1945
16 March 1945
5 April 1945
The Nuremberg Old
Town with its narrow winding streets and ancient
half-timbered houses from the Middle Ages burned like
tinder and was almost completely destroyed.
30 of 40 Protestant
churches were laid in ruins.
Also, the unique
house of Albrecht Dürer became a victim of the flames.
The attack on 30/31
March 1944 with 795 machines and 2,500 tons of bombs was
A total of 61,000
dwellings were destroyed, about 50 percent of the living
space of the city.
significant buildings and valuable cultural assets were
lost for ever.
U.S. air mine
The attack on 3
October 1944 annihilated the oldest part of the historic
old town with its castle, the St. Sebald Church and
multiple towers of the city's fortifications.
In 1945, the
large-scale attacks continued relentlessly, especially
on the 2 January 1945 when every 100 square meters was
hit by 38 tons of bombs.
In the course of the
attacks, the pentagonal tower and the castellan building
were the first destroyed from the Castle. Then came the
Walpurgis Chapel and the Ottmar Chapel as well as the
Finally burned the
imperial stables, collapsed the Well House and the
Kemenate. 93 percent of Nuremberg's historic buildings
were wiped out.
The Allies threw a
total of 13,807 tons of bombs on the city, 6,369 fell
victim to the raids.
From a record of the dead