German tragedy of destiny







Nuremberg was the site of the party conventions so that its destruction had an important psychological significance for the Allies.


In parallel, there were major industries in the Nuremberg area. Mostly, however, the target of the attacks was the old imperial city with the castle and its medieval houses. The raids took place on:

29 August 1942

26 February 1943

9 March 1943

28 August 1943

30/31 March 1944

3 October 1944

2 January 1945

20 February 1945

16 March 1945

5 April 1945


The Nuremberg Old Town with its narrow winding streets and ancient half-timbered houses from the Middle Ages burned like tinder and was almost completely destroyed.


6,369 dead


30 of 40 Protestant churches were laid in ruins.


Also, the unique house of Albrecht Dürer became a victim of the flames.


The attack on 30/31 March 1944 with 795 machines and 2,500 tons of bombs was especially heavy.


A total of 61,000 dwellings were destroyed, about 50 percent of the living space of the city.


Many historically significant buildings and valuable cultural assets were lost for ever.

U.S. air mine


The attack on 3 October 1944 annihilated the oldest part of the historic old town with its castle, the St. Sebald Church and multiple towers of the city's fortifications.


In 1945, the large-scale attacks continued relentlessly, especially on the 2 January 1945 when every 100 square meters was hit by 38 tons of bombs.


In the course of the attacks, the pentagonal tower and the castellan building were the first destroyed from the Castle. Then came the Walpurgis Chapel and the Ottmar Chapel as well as the administrative buildings.


Finally burned the imperial stables, collapsed the Well House and the Kemenate. 93 percent of Nuremberg's historic buildings were wiped out.


The Allies threw a total of 13,807 tons of bombs on the city, 6,369 fell victim to the raids.




From a record of the dead