German tragedy of destiny








Munich as a major industrial center and transportation hub was also an important target of the Allied bombers.


The city was attacked many times during the war. However, the raids began fairly late compared to other large cities.


They took place particularly on

20 September 1942

10 March 1943

7 September 1943

2 October 1943

11 July 1944

13 July 1944

16 July 1944

19 July 1944

26 November 1944

7/8 January 1945


From the summer 1944 onwards the attacks were intensified. In July alone, the U.S. Air Force dropped one million incendiary bombs on Munich.


At this time, the bombing squadrons did not need long approach paths, they started out from Italy.


The attacks in the course of 1943 were already quite severe, the recovery of the victims took up to three days because the devices used to the rescue could not be applied due to the heat under the rubble.


In early November 1943 such valuable cultural buildings were obliterated as the Bavarian State Library, the National Theatre and eighteen heritage-protected churches.


Destroyed Baroque architecture

But also such important social facilities were hit as a children's asylum, the municipal orphanage, the institution for the blind and seven nursing homes for the elderly.


However, the most severe damage was caused to the city almost at the end of the war.


On 7 and 8 January 1945 over 2,000 tons of bombs were dropped in two waves on the downtown. An equally massive air attack on 19 January 1945 alone killed 505 people.


In the course of this strike further culturally and historically valuable buildings and cultural heritage were destroyed, including the Cathedral of Our Lady.


6,632 dead


In a total, 73 sorties were flown against the city.