Hannover was an
important railway junction, it accommodated significant
industrial plants (rubber, machinery) and also had the
misfortune to be situated on the road to Berlin.
Accordingly, the city was bombed frequently and heavily,
in particular on
12 May 1940,
2 February 1941,
10 February 1941,
23 September 1943,
9 October 1943,
19 October 1943,
5/6 January 1945
The most destructive
attacks were made on 27/28 September 1943. At this time
almost 600 machines dropped over 2,100 tons of bombs.
14 days later, on
8/9 October 1943, the work of destruction was continued
with a further 1,600 tons of bombs. 250,000 people
became homeless. The air raid shelters of the city on
the River Leine were transformed into death traps.
During these two days 1,245 people were killed.
Shortly before the
war the last serious attack took place on 5/6 January
1945 with 2,300 tons of bombs.
The inner city of
Hannover was almost completely destroyed, two thirds of
the suburbs were laid waste.
Notice to the population for the case of air raid