Gelsenkirchen, situated near Essen, was targeted several
times by Allied bombers because of its chemical plants
in the north part of the town.
With their attacks
the Allies wanted to disable the oil supply,
particularly the coal liquefaction plants necessary to
the fuel production.
But, similarly to
the other industrial cities of the Ruhr area, in
addition to the destruction of the industrial facilities,
the annihilation of the inner cities and the mass
destruction and demoralization of the population were
among the main goals of the raids.
The most serious
attacks were made on:
10 July 1943 with
422 bombers and 41 deaths,
30 December 1944,
10 March 1945
Beside the Scholven
Chemical Plant in Gelsenkirchen-Buer especially the
inner city was attacked.
destroyed in about 50 percent.
184 air strikes
killed 3,038 people.