were driven out of Sudetenland as well as Bohemia and
Moravia, of which 273,000 lost their lives on the way.
In these areas once
lived 3,474,000 Sudeten Germans in 674 settlements.
Brünn, Brüx, Eger, Gablonz, Karlsbad,
Marienbad, Olmütz, Teplitz-Schönau, Tetschen,
and Moravia in a nutshell
The Sudetenland with
the Bohemian Forest and South Moravia was greater than
Hessen and Saarland together.
The German Bohemia,
part of the Habsburg Empire, by its German-speaking
majority played a leading role within the total
That changed after
the end of World War I through the establishment of the
new Czechoslovak state.
became a minority within the Czech and Slovak ethnic
groups - despite their considerable number of 3.5
This situation was
not acceptable by the Germans in Bohemia and Moravia and
they called for annexation to German Austria. However,
the Allies rejected this aspiration.
It was followed by
the Sudeten crisis, the Munich Agreement and in October
1938 the annexation to the Greater German Reich.
Return to the
motherland [no sound]
the occupation by the troops of the Red Army began the
massacre and forced expulsion of the German population
which was accompanied by looting, violence and lynching.
Germanic tribes, Marbod's Kingdom, reduction of the
population during the great migrations.
By the 6th
Campaign by Charles
the Great against Bohemia.
Otakar I obtained
the hereditary kingship in Bohemia and suzerainty over
A large number of
German monks enter the country, founded monasteries and
managed large estates.
Battle of the March
Field and expansion of the Habsburg power in Bohemia and
Emperor Charles IV
makes in 1346 the "golden" Prague to German capital, in
1348 he founded the first German university and the
imperial regalia was kept in the Karlstein Castle near
of Prague in 1618 starts the Thirty Years' War.
Congress of Vienna.
The Sudetenland stays until 1914 in Austria-Hungary.
Initial planning of
"Czechoslovakia" in Allied circles, with territorial
claims against Austria, Bavaria, Silesia, Brandenburg
the Habsburg monarchy and the founding of Czechoslovakia.
The Sudeten Germans want the annexation to German
The Czech military
occupied the Sudetenland. Dissolution of the
German-Bohemian regional government, oppression of the
conference with inclusion of the Sudetenland into the
Flight and expulsion
of 3,000,000 Germans from their homeland.
The expellees were
marked with swastika...
Flight and expulsion
the arrival of the Red Army in Bohemia and Moravia began
the brutal displacement of the German population.
Thus, the victorious
Allied Powers were to be provided with a fait accompli.
the German minority [no sound]
The expulsion was
accompanied by lynchings, mass executions, brutish
violence and rape by both the Soviet occupation army as
well as the Czech population. Full horror and hatred
were the Czechs to the defenseless Germans.
greet the Americans marching in, at their feet a slew
In the so-called
Brünn death march about 26,000 women, children and
elderly had to walk to the Austrian border. Hundreds
died of exhaustion and dehydration.
German men were sent to camps and forced into hard
A quarter million
Germans didn't survive the violence and atrocities, the
Over 3 million
Sudeten Germans lost forever their home.
Contemporary report on the expulsion
personalities of Sudetenland, Bohemia and Moravia
Famous names; who
knows their Sudeten German roots?
Diwald - Schattau/South Moravia, 1929-1993, historian
von Ebner-Eschenbach - Zdislavic/Moravia, 1830-1916, poet
Freud - Freiberg, 1856-1939, psychoanalyst
Gödel Gödel - Brünn, 1906-1978, mathematician
Günther - Gottesgab/Bohemia, 1876-1937, dialectical
Kafka - Prague, 1883-1924, writer
Gustav Mahler - Kalischt/Bohemia,
Neumann - Eger, 1687-1753, architect
Pleyer Pleyer - Eisenhamm/Egerl., 1901-1974, writer
Porsche - Maffersdorf/Bohemia, 1875-1951,
- Oberplan, 1805-1868, poet, painter, pedagogue
von Suttner - Prague, 1843-1914, writer
- Hermanitz, 1583-1634, generalissimo