German tragedy of destiny








1,762,000 people fled Pomerania, of which 330,000 lost their lives.


In this province once lived 1,956,000 Germans in 2314 settlements.


Major cities:

Stettin, Arnswalde, Belgard, Bütow, Deutsch-Krone, Köslin, Kolberg, Lauenburg, Neustettin, Schlawe, Schlochau, Schneidemühl, Stargard, Stolp and Swinemünde




Pomerania during peace time



Pomerania in a nutshell


Administrative capital: Stettin

Area: 30,120 km²

Populatilon: 1,684,125 (1905)

Counties: Stettin, Stralsund, Köslin


The region of Pomerania is larger than the size of Belgium.


The province of Pomerania was increased significantly in 1938:


The area around Driesen was separated from Brandenburg and attached to Pomerania.


The area around Schneidemühl was assigned from Posen-West-Prussia (formerly Posen) to Pomerania.


The territory around Schlochau was detached from Posen-West-Prussia (former West Prussia) and assigned to Pomerania.


Since 1945, the Oder River forms the border between the German and the Polish part of Pomerania.





 History of Pomerania


1200 B.C.

Settlement by the Germanic tribes of the Vandals


5th century B.C.

During the great migrations the Vandals wandered to the south and were replaced by Eastern peoples.



The Piast dinasty conquered Pomerania.



Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony, became liege lord of Pomerania.



Pomerania was occupied by the Danes.

In 1227 it fell back to the German Reich.



In the course of the Thirty Years War, Pomerania was alternately plundered by the troops of Wallenstein and the Swedes.




Pomerania became part of Sweden.



Pomerania, by the peace of Westphalia, was divided into Hinterpommern (eastern part) belonging to Brandenburg and into Vorpommern (western part) belonging to Sweden.



After the end of the Great Northern War the southern part of Western Pomerania fell back to Prussia.



The northern part of Western Pomerania, including the island of Rügen, became Prussian again. 



By flight and expulsion 1,432,000 German Pomeranians lost their homeland.




Flight and expulsion


Pomerania was - similarly as East Prussia - separated from the rest of the Reich by the tank advance of the Red Army towards north-west up to the Baltic Sea. In this way people could escape just north of the Baltic Sea coast - to the Hanseatic port city of Kolberg that fought once so staunchly against Napoleon. As the noose drew ever closer and the news about the brutality of the Red Army spread, on 7 March 1945 the pharmacists were instructed to give out poison to the women also without prescription.


From March to May 1945, thousands of civilians were killed on the run before the advancing Red Army.


They were caught in the crossfire, they were blown apart by grenades, rolled over by tanks or shot at by low-flying aircraft.


In the occupied territories ruled chaos, violence and anarchy, accompanied by looting, shootings, abductions and rape.


In total, about 1,400,000 Germans were expelled in the very bestial way from Pomerania.


330,000 dead




Important personalities of Pomerania


Famous names: who remember where they came from?


Ernst Moritz Arndt - Schoritz (Rügen), 1769-1860, writer and politician


Rudolf Clausius - Köslin, 1822-1888, physicist



Paul Dahlke - Groß Streitz, 1904-1984, actor


Hans Delbrück - Bergen a.R., 1848-1929, historian


Alfred Döblin - Stettin, 1878-1957, writer


Hans Fallada - Greifswald, 1893-1947, writer


Caspar David Friedrich - Greifswald, 1774-1840, painter


Heinrich George - Stettin, 1893-1946, actor


Hedwig Lachmann - Stolp, 1865-1918, poet and writer


Fritz Lenz - Pflugrade, 1887-1976, human geneticist


Otto Lilienthal - Anklam,

1849-1896, engineer, mérnök, pioneer of aviation


Philipp Otto Runge - Wolgast,

1777-1810, painter


Christian Friedrich Scherenberg - Stettin, 1798-1881, poet


Heinrich von Stephan - Stolp, 1831-1897, member of the Prussian state council


Manfred Stolpe - Stettin,

1936-, politician


Carlo von Tiedemann - Stargard,

1943-, actor and moderator


Rudolf Virchow - Schivelbein,

1821-1902, anatomist, antropologist


Georg Wertheim - Stralsund,

1856-1939, entrepreneur


Count Friedrich von Wrangel - Stettin, 1784-1877, field marshal


Klausjürgen Wussow - Cammin,

1929-2007, actor