fled Pomerania, of which 330,000 lost their lives.
In this province
once lived 1,956,000 Germans in 2314 settlements.
Belgard, Bütow, Deutsch-Krone, Köslin, Kolberg,
Lauenburg, Neustettin, Schlawe, Schlochau, Schneidemühl,
Stargard, Stolp and Swinemünde
Pomerania in a
Area: 30,120 km²
Populatilon: 1,684,125 (1905)
Counties: Stettin, Stralsund, Köslin
The region of
Pomerania is larger than the size of Belgium.
The province of
Pomerania was increased significantly in 1938:
The area around
Driesen was separated from Brandenburg and attached to
The area around
Schneidemühl was assigned from Posen-West-Prussia (formerly
Posen) to Pomerania.
The territory around
Schlochau was detached from Posen-West-Prussia (former
West Prussia) and assigned to Pomerania.
Since 1945, the Oder
River forms the border between the German and the Polish
part of Pomerania.
Settlement by the
Germanic tribes of the Vandals
5th century B.C.
During the great
migrations the Vandals wandered to the south and were
replaced by Eastern peoples.
The Piast dinasty
Henry the Lion, duke
of Saxony, became liege lord of Pomerania.
occupied by the Danes.
In 1227 it fell back
to the German Reich.
In the course of the
Thirty Years War, Pomerania was alternately plundered by
the troops of Wallenstein and the Swedes.
part of Sweden.
Pomerania, by the
peace of Westphalia, was divided into Hinterpommern (eastern
part) belonging to Brandenburg and into Vorpommern
(western part) belonging to Sweden.
After the end of the
Great Northern War the southern part of Western
Pomerania fell back to Prussia.
The northern part of
Western Pomerania, including the island of Rügen, became
By flight and
expulsion 1,432,000 German Pomeranians lost their
Flight and expulsion
Pomerania was -
similarly as East Prussia - separated from the rest of
the Reich by the tank advance of the Red Army towards
north-west up to the Baltic Sea. In this way people
could escape just north of the Baltic Sea coast - to the
Hanseatic port city of Kolberg that fought once so
staunchly against Napoleon. As the noose drew ever
closer and the news about the brutality of the Red Army
spread, on 7 March 1945 the pharmacists were instructed
to give out poison to the women also without
From March to May
1945, thousands of civilians were killed on the run
before the advancing Red Army.
They were caught in
the crossfire, they were blown apart by grenades, rolled
over by tanks or shot at by low-flying aircraft.
In the occupied
territories ruled chaos, violence and anarchy,
accompanied by looting, shootings, abductions and rape.
In total, about
1,400,000 Germans were expelled in the very bestial way
personalities of Pomerania
Famous names: who
remember where they came from?
Arndt - Schoritz (Rügen), 1769-1860, writer and
Rudolf Clausius - Köslin,
Paul Dahlke - Groß Streitz,
Hans Delbrück - Bergen a.R.,
Alfred Döblin - Stettin,
Fallada - Greifswald, 1893-1947, writer
Friedrich - Greifswald, 1774-1840, painter
George - Stettin, 1893-1946, actor
Lachmann - Stolp, 1865-1918, poet and writer
Lenz - Pflugrade, 1887-1976, human geneticist
1849-1896, engineer, mérnök,
pioneer of aviation
Christian Friedrich Scherenberg
- Stettin, 1798-1881, poet
- Stolp, 1831-1897, member of the Prussian state council
1943-, actor and
1821-1902, anatomist, antropologist
Count Friedrich von
Wrangel - Stettin, 1784-1877, field marshal