In the summer 1944, after Stalingrad, another major
German unit came into Russian captivity. By June 1944
the Army Group Centre was trapped by the Red Army in the
Mogilev area and 150,000 men fell into Russian captivity.
Nearly 60,000 prisoners were transported to Moscow where
on 17 July 1944 they had to participate in a humiliating
parade of the vanquished. Afterwards they were deported
to labor camp.
German POWs in Moscow
After the capitulation on 8 May 1945 many soldiers who
had fought on the Eastern Front attempted to reach the
area of the Western Allies. In vain because the
Americans, in accordance with the agreement with the
Soviets, handed over about 150,000 prisoners to the Red
Army at the Elbe.
After the surrender a further 200,000 German soldiers
came into Russian captivity. Many of them returned home
only in 1955.
The prisoners of the 6th Army who had survived the death
marches and transit camps were transported from spring
1943 to the permanent camps of the Gulag.
During this process they were sorted by rank: while the
officers came to Krasnogorsk, Wolkowo, Elabuga or Suzdal,
the men and under-officers were transported mainly to
Moscow, Sverdlovsk, Molotov, Omsk, Vorkuta, Kazakhstan
The rides in cattle cars - with up to 100 men per car,
on bare ground without blankets or straw - often took
longer than 14 days. There was hardly anything to eat or
to drink. These death rides called for further
casualties among the already decimated Stalingrad
Some had more luck and remained in the camps at
Stalingrad. These temporary camps were converted to
labor camps. Of the more than 90,000 soldiers who were
captured in the Stalingrad pocket a total of 6,000
returned to Germany.
In addition to the labor camps throughout the Soviet
Union there were special camps in Eastern and Central
Germany where interrogations and trials took place
with many death sentences and subsequent deportations.
For this purpose partly former German concentration
camps were used. Some of the concentration camp inmates
experienced a continuation of their suffering in these
7,500 deaths, 3,000 deportees
13,000 deaths, 2,000 deportees
12,000 deaths, 4000 deportees
6,000 deaths, 2,000 deportees
5,000 deaths, 1,000 deportees
20,000 deaths, 6,000 deportees
6,500 deaths, 1,000 deportees
2,000 deaths, 4,000 deportees
Overall, there were at least 68,000 deaths and 23,000
deportees on German territory. The figures are only the
lowest values which are acknowledged by the Russian
Prosecutor General's Office.